Dependence on sampling rates of Radiello® diffusion sampler for BTEX measurements with the concentration level and exposure time

15 November 2019

Pennequin-Cardinal, A., Plaisance, H., Locoge, N., Ramalho, O., Kirchner, S., Galloo, J.C.

Talanta, 2005, 65(5), 1233-1240

Radiello® diffusive samplers filled with a thermally desorbable adsorbent (graphitised charcoal Carbograph 4) have been tested for the monitoring of BTEX. The sampling rates have been estimated under various controlled atmospheres in order to evaluate the effects of two factors (exposure time, concentration levels and their interaction) on the performances of the Radiello® sampler. Experiments have been carried out under various atmospheres in exposure chamber. A total of 174 Radiello® samplers were exposed while varying two conditions: exposure time (1, 3, 7 and 14 days) and BTEX concentrations (low, medium and high levels). The results show that the sampling rates of benzene and toluene decrease for exposure of 14 days and especially for high concentration levels: decrease of 30% at 10 μg·m−3 for benzene and 14% at 30 μg·m−3 for toluene.

To try to explain the variations of these sampling rates, the breakthrough volumes (VB) of BTEX on Carbograph 4 have been determined at different temperature and concentration conditions in order to evaluate the Langmuir parameters and their adsorption enthalpy (−ΔHads) using the Van’t Hoff equation. With regard to these adsorption characteristics, the dependence of sampling rates with concentration level and exposure time were analysed and discussed.